Goline Logo

News

  • Route RPKI validation April 1st, 2022
    RPKI is a security framework by which network owners can validate and secure the critical route updates or Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) announcements between public Internet networks. BGP is essentially the central nervous system of the Internet and one of its fundamental building blocks. The main function of BGP is to facilitate efficient routing between Autonomous Systems (AS), by building and maintaining the Internet routing table. The Internet routing table is effectively the navigation system of the Internet and without it, traffic would be unable to flow between its constituent networks. Unfortunately, routing equipment alone cannot distinguish between legitimate and malicious routing announcements,...
  • RIPE – Atlas Anchor February 17th, 2022
    We have become an even more integral part of the RIPE Atlas project by hosting an anchor, a device that allows for latency analysis of traffic between autonomous systems.https://atlas.ripe.net/probes/7073/RIPE Atlas anchors play an integral role in the RIPE Atlas network by acting both as enhanced RIPE Atlas probes with more measurement capacity, as well as regional measurement targets within the greater RIPE Atlas network. Anchors are able to perform many more measurements than a regular RIPE Atlas probe, and the large amount of data they collect is made available to everyone. In addition, anchors act as powerful targets that can...
  • MANRS June 20th, 2020
    GOLINE firmly believes in initiatives to protect networks, improve security and resilience of the global routing system. Therefore we decided to support the MANRS project and join as participants.Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security (MANRS) is a global initiative, supported by the Internet Society, that provides crucial fixes to reduce the most common routing threats. MANRS offers specific actions via four programs for Network Operators, Internet Exchange Points, CDN and Cloud Providers, and Equipment Vendors. Requirements for Participation Please read the full MANRS Actions document before applying. You can become a participant if you meet these requirements: You (or your company) support...

Certificate conversion SSL/PFX/DER

Caparrelli Paolo Security 22 June 2022

How to convert a certificate into the appropriate format

Solution

If your server/device requires a different certificate format other than Base64 encoded X.509, a third party tool such as OpenSSL can be used to convert the certificates into the appropriate format.

For information on OpenSSL please visit: www.openssl.org

Note: OpenSSL is an open source tool that is not provided or supported by Thawte

Some common conversion commands are listed below:

Note: The PEM format is the most common format used for certificates. Extensions used for PEM certificates are cer, crt, and pem. They are Base64 encoded ASCII files. The DER format is the binary form of the certificate. DER formatted certificates do not contain the "BEGIN CERTIFICATE/END CERTIFICATE" statements. DER formatted certificates most often use the '.der' extension.


Convert x509 to PEM

openssl x509 -in certificatename.cer -outform PEM -out certificatename.pem



Convert PEM to DER

openssl x509 -outform der -in certificatename.pem -out certificatename.der



Convert DER to PEM

openssl x509 -inform der -in certificatename.der -out certificatename.pem



Convert PEM to P7B

Note: The PKCS#7 or P7B format is stored in Base64 ASCII format and has a file extension of .p7b or .p7c.
A P7B file only contains certificates and chain certificates (Intermediate CAs), not the private key. The most common platforms that support P7B files are Microsoft Windows and Java Tomcat.

openssl crl2pkcs7 -nocrl -certfile certificatename.pem -out certificatename.p7b -certfile CACert.cer



Convert PKCS7 to PEM

openssl pkcs7 -print_certs -in certificatename.p7b -out certificatename.pem



Convert pfx to PEM

Note: The PKCS#12 or PFX format is a binary format for storing the server certificate, intermediate certificates, and the private key in one encryptable file. PFX files usually have extensions such as .pfx and .p12. PFX files are typically used on Windows machines to import and export certificates and private keys.

openssl pkcs12 -in certificatename.pfx -out certificatename.pem



Convert PFX to PKCS#8
Note: This requires 2 commands

STEP 1: Convert PFX to PEM

openssl pkcs12 -in certificatename.pfx -nocerts -nodes -out certificatename.pem



STEP 2: Convert PEM to PKCS8

openSSL pkcs8 -in certificatename.pem -topk8 -nocrypt -out certificatename.pk8



Convert P7B to PFX
Note: This requires 2 commands

STEP 1: Convert P7B to CER

openssl pkcs7 -print_certs -in certificatename.p7b -out certificatename.cer



STEP 2: Convert CER and Private Key to PFX

openssl pkcs12 -export -in certificatename.cer -inkey privateKey.key -out certificatename.pfx -certfile  cacert.cer

 

 

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x