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  • Route RPKI validation April 1st, 2022
    RPKI is a security framework by which network owners can validate and secure the critical route updates or Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) announcements between public Internet networks. BGP is essentially the central nervous system of the Internet and one of its fundamental building blocks. The main function of BGP is to facilitate efficient routing between Autonomous Systems (AS), by building and maintaining the Internet routing table. The Internet routing table is effectively the navigation system of the Internet and without it, traffic would be unable to flow between its constituent networks. Unfortunately, routing equipment alone cannot distinguish between legitimate and malicious routing announcements,...
  • RIPE – Atlas Anchor February 17th, 2022
    We have become an even more integral part of the RIPE Atlas project by hosting an anchor, a device that allows for latency analysis of traffic between autonomous systems.https://atlas.ripe.net/probes/7073/RIPE Atlas anchors play an integral role in the RIPE Atlas network by acting both as enhanced RIPE Atlas probes with more measurement capacity, as well as regional measurement targets within the greater RIPE Atlas network. Anchors are able to perform many more measurements than a regular RIPE Atlas probe, and the large amount of data they collect is made available to everyone. In addition, anchors act as powerful targets that can...
  • MANRS June 20th, 2020
    GOLINE firmly believes in initiatives to protect networks, improve security and resilience of the global routing system. Therefore we decided to support the MANRS project and join as participants.Mutually Agreed Norms for Routing Security (MANRS) is a global initiative, supported by the Internet Society, that provides crucial fixes to reduce the most common routing threats. MANRS offers specific actions via four programs for Network Operators, Internet Exchange Points, CDN and Cloud Providers, and Equipment Vendors. Requirements for Participation Please read the full MANRS Actions document before applying. You can become a participant if you meet these requirements: You (or your company) support...

How to recover SA password on Microsoft SQL Server 2008 R2

Paolo Caparrelli SQL Server 22 June 2022

When you are using MS SQL Server in mixed mode, it is very important that you know your SA password.

There can be different reasons you lost the password

  • Person who installed the SQL Server knows the password but has left the building.
  • You did not write down the password in your password file
  • Password file is lost

Steps to recover the SA password

  • Start SQL Server Configuration Manager

Stop the SQL services

Edit the properties of the SQL Service

Change the startup parameters of the SQL service by adding a –m; in front of the existing parameters

  • Start the SQL services. These are now running in Single User Mode.
  • Start CMD on tthe SQL server
  • Start the SQLCMD command. Now you will see following screen

  • Now we create a new user. Enter following commands
    • CREATE LOGIN recovery WITH PASSWORD = ‘TopSecret 1′; (Remember SQL server has default strong password policy
    • Go
      • Now this user is created
  • Now we grant the user a SYSADMIN roles using the same SQLCMD window.
    • EXEC sp_addsrvrolemember ‘recovery’, ‘sysadmin’;
    • go
  • Stop the SQL service again
  • Change the SQL service properties back to the default settings

  • Start the SQL service again and use the new created login (recovery in my example)
  • Go via the security panel to the properties and change the password of the SA account.

  • Now write down the new SA password.

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